DiplIng in Electronics, Helsinki Institute of Technology, 1963. LicTechn in Telecomms., Helsinki Institute of Technology, 1967. DrTechn in Electronics, University Oulu, 1969.
DrTech honoris causa, Tampere University of Technology, Finland, 1992.
Various development positions Oy Helvar, Helsinki, 1962-1966, Nokia Corporation, Helsinki, 1966-1968. Professor electronics University Oulu, fr9om 1867. With Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 1972-1973.
Director Technology Research Centre of Finland, 1975, founder Electronics Laboratory and Computer Science Laboratory, 1975. Chief engineer Harman/Kardon, Incorporated, New York York City and Los Angeles, 1978-1980. Research professor microelectronics Finnish Academy, 1981.
Chief technical officer KONE Corporation, 1982. Board directors, senior corporation vice president science and technical Nokia Group, Helsinki, 1986-1990. Board directors, executive vice president Telenorma GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany, 1990-1993.
Senior vice president Bosch Telecom, Stuttgart, Germany, 1993-1995. Now emeritus professor Institute Industrial Management, Tampere University.
Fellow Audio Engineering Society. Member Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (senior ), EIRMA, Royal Swedish Academy Engineering Sciences, Finnish Academy Technology, Kuratorium der Eduarc Rhein Stiftung, Swiss High Technology Forum (board directors), Institute Electrical Engineers, European Industrial Research Managers Association, Industrial Research Institute, Institution Electronics and Radio Engineers, Society Advancement of Materials and Process Engineering, Society for Motion Picture and television Engineers, Japan Industrial Robot Association, Japan Techno-Economics Society.