Paris Law Faculty; Lycée Louis-le-Grand.
Couve de Murville joined the corps of finance inspectors in 1930, and in 1940 became Director of External Finances of the Vichy régime, in which capacity he sat at the armistice council of Wiesbaden. In March 1943, after the American landing in North Africa, he was one of the few senior officials of Vichy to join the Free French. He left for Algiers, via Spain, where he joined General Henri Giraud.
On 7 June 1943, he was named commissioner of finance of the French Committee of National Liberation (CFLN). A few months later, he joined General Charles de Gaulle. After the war, he occupied several posts as French Ambassador, in Cairo (1950 to 1954), at NATO (1954), in Washington (1955 to 1956) and in Bonn (1956 to 1958).
When General de Gaulle returned to power in 1958, he became Foreign Minister, a post he retained for ten years until the reshuffle that followed the events of May 1968 where he replaced Finance minister Michel Debré, keeping this post only a short time: very soon after the elections, he became a transitional Prime Minister, replacing Georges Pompidou. The following year he was succeeded by Jacques Chaban-Delmas. Couve de Murville continued his political career first as a UDR deputy, then RPR deputy for Paris until 1986, then as a senator until 1995.
Prime minister : 1968–1969
Minister of Foreign Affairs : 1958–1968
Minister of Economy and Finance : May–July 1968
Senator of Paris : 1986–1995
The cabinet from 10 July 1968 – 22 June 1969
Maurice Couve de Murville – Prime Minister
Michel Debré – Minister of Foreign Affairs
Pierre Messmer – Minister of Armies
Raymond Marcellin – Minister of the Interior, Public Health, and Population
François-Xavier Ortoli – Minister of Economy and Finance
André Bettencourt – Minister of Industry
Joseph Fontanet – Minister of Labour, Employment, and Population
René Capitant – Minister of Justice
Edgar Faure – Minister of National Education
Henri Duvillard – Minister of Veterans and War Victims
André Malraux – Minister of Cultural Affairs
Robert Boulin – Minister of Agriculture
Albin Chalandon – Minister of Equipment and Housing
Jean Chamant – Minister of Transport
Roger Frey – Minister of Relations with Parliament
Yves Guéna – Minister of Posts and Telecommunications
Maurice Schumann – Minister of Social Affairs
On 28 April 1969 – Jean-Marcel Jeanneney succeeded Capitant as interim Minister of Justice.
Rally for the Republic, Union of Democrats for the Republic, Union for the New Republic.
In February 1945, he became a member of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (GPRF) with the rank of ambassador attached to the Italian government. Member of the National Assembly of France for Paris : June 1968 (He leaves his seat because he is minister) / 1973–1986.