Bachelor of Science London School of Economies and Political Science, London, United Kingdom, 1952.
Special Adviser, United Kingdom Secretary State Education and Science, 1974-1975. Senior Special Adviser, United Kingdom Secretary of State Prices and Consumer Protection,
9. Chairman, Economics Board, United Kingdom Social Science Research Council, United Kingdom or United States of America, 1976-1979.
Professor of Economics, Queen Mary College, London, England, since 1979. Editor, Applied, Economics, . Council Member, Royal Economic Society, United Kingdom, since 1978.
Microeconomics: clarification of the analysis of returns to scale, the interpretation of the objectives sought by the firm, the theory of forward markets and the analysis of changes in preferences. Macroeconomics: elaboration of a number of aspects of the balanced budget multi plier, the need for interventionist macroeconomic policy, and the nature of macroeconomics itself.