Bachelor, University New Zealand, 1960. Bachelor with honours, Courtauld Institute Art, University London, England, 1966. Master of Philosophy, Courtauld Institute Art, University London, England, 1976.
Teacher New Zealand Schools, 1945-1963. Lecturer University London Extension, England, 1964-1968. Lecturer in art history Walthamstow, Epsom Schools of Art, England, 1966-1968.
Director National Art Gallery of New Zealand, 1968-1978. Art historian Government of New Zealand, 1978-1983. Member arts advisory panel Queen Elizabeth II Arts Council, New Zealand, 1968-1972.
Assessor in painting, art history, University Canterbury, New Zealand, 1971-1972, assessor in Art History University Entrance Examinations, 1970-1976.
With New Zealand Army, 1941-1943, New Zealand Air Force, 1944-1945. Fellow Royal Society of Arts, England.
Married Oroya McAuley, 1952.