Student composition with, Healey Willan, 1936. Bachelor of Music, University Toronto, 1933. Master of Arts, University Michigan, 1941.
L.Mus., Trinity College, London, 1940. Doctor of Philosophy, Cornell University, 1944.
Private teacher piano and theory, Toronto, 1933-1939;
teacher piano and theory, Hambourg Conservatory, Toronto, 1940-1942;
professor music history and theory, Bayview Summer College, Michigan, 1945;
professor musicology, University Texas, 1945-1946, summer 1946;
member of faculty, Texas Christian U., 1946-1983;
professor musicology, Texas Christian U., 1949-1983;
Piper professor, Texas Christian U., 1976;
professor emeritus, Texas Christian U., 1983-1989;
department chairman music, Texas Christian U., 1956-1981. Special teacher in honors humanities program Texas Christian U., 1986-1987, 87-88, 88-89. Board directors, vice president Van Cliburn International Piano Competition, Fort Worth Symphony Assn.
Interim professor graduate musicology, Texas Christian U., 1987-1989.
Past president Fort Worth Youth Symphony Orchestra. Member American Musicological Society (president Texas chapter 1950-1952, 56-58, council 1958-1960), Music Teachers National Association (chairman editorial and publications committee 1961-1965, chairman musicology committee from 1968), Texas Association Music Schools (president 1960-1961), Fort Worth Music Teachers Association (president 1963-1965), National Association Schools Music (chairman library committee), Pi Kappa Lambda, Phi Mu Alpha.
Married Esther Frumhartz, December 12, 1937. Children– Miriam Ruth, Rebecca Annual.