Bachelor of Science, Elmira (New York ) College, 1975. Bachelor of science in nursing, Syracuse University, 1979. District of Columbia, Palmer College Chiropractic, Davenport, Iowa, 1989.
Master of Science in Nursing, University Cincinnati, 1983.
Staff nurse Pennsylvania Bureau Utilization Review, Harrisburg. Geriatric nurse Elizabeath Church Manor, Binghamton, New York. Psychiatric nurse Mercy Hospital, Davenport.
Private practice chiropractic spinal care Binghamton. Conducts internship in alternative health care State University of New York, Binghamton.
Member Sigma Theta Tau, Chi Rho Theta, Beta Beta Beta. M C.