Doctor of Philosophy, University Milan, Milan, Italy, 1975.
Internal fellow, University Milan, 1974-1975; grantee, National Research Council-Italy, Milan, 1975-1976, 77-81; visiting fellow, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland., 1976-1977; scientist, Italian Himalayan Expeditions, 1975, 91, 94; scientist, American Medical Research Expedition to Everest, 1981; senior investigator, American Medical Research Expedition to Everest, since 1991; scientist, Himalayan Andes Research Program, 1986; assistant professor, University Milan, since 1981; assistant professor, University Brescia, since 1995.
Member American Society Physiology, International Society Mountain Medicine, International Society Heart Research, International Society Oxygen Transport Tissue.
Son of; married Ilaria Vannini Parenti, October 3, 1980. 1 child, Martina.