Bachelor in Economics, Ohio State University. Master of Arts in Public Policy, University Pennsylvania.
Analyst Congressional Budget Office (CBO), Washington, 1985—1986. Professional staff member United States Senate Armed Services Committee, 1987—2002, 2004—2009, minority or majority staff lead Subcommittee on Readiness and Management Support, 1995—2002, 2004—2009. Member agency review transition team United States Department Defense, 2009, principal deputy under secretary (comptroller), since 2009.