1872-1875 attended music classes arranged by Choir of St. Petersburg’s Isaac Cathedral. 1882 graduate St. Petersburg Conservatory.
Moved toTiflis, 1882-1893, and became deeply attracted to Caucasian and Eastern music. Conductor of the private opera of the millionaire Mamontov, 1899-1806. Director of the Moscow Conservatory, 1905-1922.
Conductor of the Bolshoi Theatre, 1925. Composer of several operas and other musical works, mostly with Caucasian themes. Very influential in the Soviet music world in the 1920s and 1930s.