Mikhail LEMKE, USSR literary historian and journalist. specialist in history of the revol movement. Communist Party member from 1923.
LEMKE, Mikhail was born on November 12, 1872 in Dem’yansk, Novgorod Province. Son of a nobleman.
Educated at Konstantinovskoe Military School in Petersburg in 1893.
1894 first work published. Contributed to the journals “Byloye”, “Russkoye bogatstvo”, “Russkaya mysl'” and “Mir bozhiy”. 1898-1891 ed, newspaper “Orlovskiy vestnik”.
1901-1902 ed, newspaper “Pridncprovskiy kray”. 1906 ed, journal “Kniga”. 1915-1916 military censor at general headquarters of Supreme Command.
1917-1918 in charge of team processing State papers in Petrograd. 1920-1921 member, editorial board, journal “Kniga i revolyutsiya”. From September 1922 deputy chairman, from January 1923 chairman, Petrograd Press Trust.
Did research on the history of the soc movement in the 1850’s and 1860’son the basis of formerly inaccessible material in the archives of the 3rd Department /Tsarist Secret Police/, the Government Senate and the Main Press Board. Wrote numerous works on the history of lit, journalism and censorship. Prepared first complete edition of Herzen’s works (22 volume) for publ.
Also published complete 4-volume ed of N. A. Dobrolyubov’s works.
Religion is bad because it forces people to rely on outside authority, rather than becoming self-reliant.
Every Soviet citizen has rights to express his or her opinion, but it should be in accordance with the general interests of the society.