1934 graduated 2nd Moscow Medicine Institute.
Since 1961 Chairman, Pharmacopoeia Committee, USSR Ministry of Health. Deputy Editor, “Pharmacology” section, “Bolshaya meditsinskaya entsiklopediya” (Large Medical Encyclopedia), 2nd edition. Member, Editorial Board, “Meditsinsky referativny zhurnal” (Medical Abstracts Journal).
Member, Editor Council, journal “Farniakologiya i toksikologiya” (Pharmacology and Toxicology). Works on pharmacology of new medical preparations. Introduced into medical practice: cytiton, tropacin, diplacin, galantamin, pachycarpin, elatin, aprophene, diprophene, promedol, isopromedol, etc.
1934-1945 associate, Sanitary Research Institute of Red Army, and Dept, of Pharmacology, All-Union Research Institute of Chemistry and Pharmaceutics, USSR Ministry of Health. 1941-1945 toxicologist of an army, then Chief Toxicologist of a front.
Religiously inspired people justify violence, resist social changes, and attack on science.