Master of Arts Temple University, 1933. Doctor of Philosophy University Pennsylvania, 1937.
Editor, Survey Current Business, 1938-1941. Chief, National Income Division, United States Department Commerce, 1941-1951. Director, Stats, and National Accounts, Organisation of European Economic Co-operation, 1951-1955.
Director, Economics and Statistics, Organisation of European Economic Co-operation, 1955-1960. Adviser, Head, Monetary and Economics Department, Bank International Settlements, Switzerland, 1960-1975, 1975-1979.