Student, Charles University, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, Palacky University, 1953. Master of Science, Columbia University, 1961.
Stage director state theaters, Czechoslovakia, 1952-1956; library, Brooklyn Public Library., 1958-1962; assistant professor dramatic arts, Columbia University, New York City, 1962-1969; associate professor cinema, New York University, New York City, 1969-1972; professor cinema, Ohio State University, Columbus, 1972-1992; professor emeritus, Ohio State University, Columbus, since 1992.
Member University Film Association, American Association of University Professors, Phi Kappa Phi.
Married Jana Kratochvilova, May 18, 1957. 1 child, Monica.