Bachelor in Economic, Loyola College, Chennai.
Member Pondichery Legislation Assembly, 1964—1991, speaker, 1964—1967, 1980—1985. Chief minister Pondichery, 1967—1974, 1985—1990. Opposition leader Pondichery Legislation Assembly, 1990.
Member Lok Sabha (Indian Parliament), 1991—2003, member public accounts committee, home affairs committee, consultative committee to minister science & technical. Minister for civil aviation & tourism Indian Government, 1991—1992. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Indian Foreign Service, since 2004.
Member Central Haj Committee, Mumbai, 1975—2000. Deputy leader Haj Goodwill Deleg., 1987, leader, 89.