Mona Rudao, or Mouna Rudao was the son of a chief of the Seediq tribe of Taiwanese aborigines.
He succeeded his father as a chief of the village of Mahebo 馬赫坡 and became one of the most influential chiefs of the area of Wushe.
In 1911, he made a visit to Japan. Mona Rudao was from the Tgdaya group of the Seediq. He ended up committing suicide by shooting himself with a pistol during the revolt to prevent the Japanese from capturing him alive.
His remains were found at forest in 1933, and were taken to the Department of Archaeology of the Taihoku Imperial University where they were exhibited as a warning to future rebels.
The Taiwanese viewed him as a hero for carrying out a revolt and he is now one of the figures on New Taiwan Dollar coins. Mona Rudao has been part of Taiwanese popular culture, entering books and manga.
His character took the part of protagonist in the 2003 television Drama Dana Sakura w:zh:風中緋櫻 and the 2011 Taiwanese film Warriors of the Rainbow: Seediq Bale.
After the arrival of the Kuomintang the bones were placed in a warehouse until 1974 when they were reburied near the Kawanakajima (川中島, current Chingchuan (清泉)) tribe. In 2005 the Kuomintang displayed a massive photo of Mona Rudao at its headquarters in honor of the 60th anniversary of Taiwan"s retrocession from Japan to the Republic of China.