Thompson graduated from Mountain. Edgecumbe High School in Sitka and attended the University of Alaska Fairbanks as a civil engineering major.
Thompson was best known as the official in charge of the Bureau of Indian Affairs for the United States. state of Alaska during the 1970s, and later as head of Doyon, Limited, the Alaska Native Regional Corporation for Interior Alaska. "Morrie" married Thelma Mayo of Rampart on October 5, 1963 in Tanana, then obtained a job at Radio Corporation of America"s Gilmore Creek Satellite Tracking Station near Fairbanks in 1964 after attending an Radio Corporation of America electrical technician school in Los Angeles, California. In 1966, Thompson met Walter Hickel, an Anchorage businessman who was running for governor at the time.
Morris volunteered to work on Hickel"s campaign in Fairbanks and the Interior.
As a result Thompson became Governor Hickel"s deputy director of the Rural Development Agency. The next year as executive director of Hickel"s North Commission, Thompson began working on a network of transportation routes to open rural Alaska to development.
When President Nixon named Hickel to serve as Secretary of the Interior in 1969, Thompson went to Washington, District of Columbia, as special assistant for the Bureau of Indian Affairs. In 1970, young Thompson became the Bureau of Indian Affairs Area Director in Juneau.
In both Interior jobs, Thompson was deeply involved in the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Acting adopted in December 1971.
Thompson served as the youngest Commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs at 34 years of age. In 1981, Morris Thompson went to work for Doyon, Limited, his ANCSA Regional Corporation. Originally hired as a Vice-President, he became Doyon"s President and Chief Officer in 1985, when Doyon Limited. had an operating loss of $28 million.
When he retired in 2000, Doyon was generating $70.9 million in annual revenues, had 900 employees and 14,000 shareholders.
Morris Thompson was widely recognized in Alaska as a Native American leader. At 61 years of age, a resident of Fairbanks, Thompson retired as the President of Doyon.
Thompson"s body was buried in Tanana. Advance fee fraud (419, Nigerian scam) con men used Thompson"s name in various scams unrelated to Thompson.
The Alaska Federation of Natives altered one of its web pages to warn e-mail users about the scheme.
The Morris Thompson Cultural and Visitors Center, located at 101 Dunkel Street in downtown Fairbanks and dedicated on August 12, 2008, is named after Thompson. Prior to this, the University of Alaska Fairbanks had moved its southern access a half-mile to the west, citing problems with the bridge over the Alaska Railroad on the existing access road. The new access road was named Thompson Drive in his honor.
Thompson had served on the University of Alaska Board of Regents from 1989 to 1993.