Bachelor, New York University, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, Cornell University, 1953.
Research scientist, Ethyl Corporation, Detroit, 1953-1958; research supervisor, Borg Warner Research Center, Des Plaines, Illinois, 1958-1959; advisory engineer, International Business Machines Corporation Corporation, Endicott, New York, 1959-1963; deputy director research, Burndy Corporation, Norwalk, Connecticut, 1963-1970; distinguished member technical staff, American Telephone & Telegraph Company Bell laboratories, Columbus, Ohio., 1970-1989; principal, Contact Cons., Inc., Columbus, 1989-1999. Teacher, author in electric contact science and technical.
Fellow Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (Ragnar Holm Science Achievement award 1980, Ralph E. Armington award 1989, Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology Society award 1990, American Society for Testing and Materials (award of merit 1988). Member American Chemical Society, American Electroplaters and Surface Finishers Society (Science Achievement award 1987, Precious Metal Plating award 1967, 70), Society Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (Captain Alfred E. Hunt award 1970), Sigma Xi.
Married Esther Baron, June 10, 1950. Children: Francine M., Douglas S., Laurel S.