In 2010, he was elected to the upper house of Russia"s parliament. From 1984 to 1986, he participated in combat operations in Afghanistan as part of the Soviet Union"s army intelligence unit (in the 180th Motorized Rifle Regiment - according to the "Kommersant" newspaper). He served his military service in this regiment, commanded by Ruslan Aushev, the future President of Ingushetia.
He was seriously wounded in the battle.
He worked as an engineer From 1991 to 1994, he then served as the Deputy Chairman of the Committee for the soldiers-internationalists (first under the President of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, and then to the Council of Heads of Government of the countries - participants of the Commonwealth of Independent States ).
Keligov graduated from the Moscow State University of Food Production, and the Moscow State Academy of Technologies. The operation resulted in the release of the hostages and the elimination of militant group and its leader.
In 1994-2000 (according to other sources - in 1993) he served as the vice-president of "Lukoil-International".
From April 2000 to February 2001 Keligov served as the Deputy Head of the Administration of the Nenets Autonomous District. From 2001 to 2002 he served as the chief federal inspector of the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Ingushetia, then as the deputy presidential envoy in the Southern Federal District. In 2002, there was a plot to assassinate Musa Keligov.
The attempt fell through, and one of the intermediaries between the people who ordered the assassination and the killer was caught.
Since 2004 Keligov has served as president of the "Ingrosso" company. Musa Keligov has been criticized for his assistance to Murat Zyazikov in Ingushetia"s presidential elections.
Keligov himself named the promotion of Zyazikov "the greatest sin" in his life.
In 1989-1991 he served as a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
In 2010 he was elected a member of the Federation Council of the People"s Assembly of the Republic of Ingushetia.