Educated locally, then at Hantoub Secondary School. Graduated in 1956 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics and Geography from the University of Khartoum. In 1969 he gained a Master of Arts degree in Business Administration from the University of Pennsylvania.
After wide experience at International Labour Organisation seminars on social insurance, workers’ education and African problems he worked in industrial relations. From 1965 to 1967 he was Director of Administration at the Production Efficiency Centre and then became deputy general manager of the Industrial Development Corporation.
He was brought into government as Minister of Supply on October 14, 1970. When the ministry was merged into the Ministry of National Economy, he was appointed Minister of Industry and Mining at the October 1972 reshuffle. In this post he was given new impetus to oil exploration.
Productivity expert with American-style business drive developed from his training in the United States. A technocrat who entered the government at 40 with an impressive mixture of academic and administrative experience. A pragmatist with little time for political philosophies, especially Communism.