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Mwai Kibaki

politician , President

Mwai Kibaki was Kenyan politician who served as third president of Kenya in 2002-13. Prior to that he was a long time Parliament Member from the opposition.

Background

Emilio Mwai Kibaki was born on November 15, 1931 in Gatuyaini village at the foot of a hill Kenya (The name of the country came from the name of the hill, which is considered to be a sacred place.)

Education

Kibaki got a primary education in the Motherland. He attended Gatuyainĩ School for the first two years, where he completed what was then called Sub "A" and sub "B" (the equivalent of standard one and two or first and second grade). He later joined Karima mission school for the three more classes of primary school. He later moved to Mathari School (now Nyeri High School) between 1944 and 1946 for Standard four to six, where, in addition to his academic studies, he learnt carpentry and masonry as students would repair furniture and provide material for maintaining the school's buildings. He also grew his own food as all students in the school were expected to do, and earned extra money during the school holidays by working as a conductor on buses operated by the defunct Othaya African Bus Union. After Karima Primary and Nyeri Boarding primary schools, he proceeded to Mang'u High School where he studied between 1947 and 1950. He passed with a maximum of six points in his "O" level examination.

When he was 20 he set off in Uganda, where he studied at Makerere School in Kampala, which was the most prestige educational institution at that time in eastern Africa. There he studied history, economics, political science and in 1951 he won a grant in London school of Economics, after which in 1959 he got a diploma of specialization “public finances”.

It ensured Kibaki a quick career growth. Many of his compatriots didn’t have even an elementary education. It’s no wonder that when Kenya became an independent country Kibaki was noticed.

Career

Lecturer in Economics at Makerere University College 1959-1960. National Executive Officer Kenya African National Union 1960-1962. Elected by Legis. Council as one of Kenya’s nine reps, in Central Legis.

Assembly of East African Common Services Organization 1962. Assistant Minister of Economics Planning and Development 1964-1966. Minister for Commerce and Industry 1966-1969.

Minister of Finance 1969-1970. Minister of Finance and Economics Planning 1970-1978, of Finance 1978-1982, of Home Affairs 1978-1979, 88, of Health March since 1988. Vice-President of Kenya 1978-1988.

Vice-President of Kenya African National Union (KANU) since 1978.

Politics

Kenye’s president is considered to be one of progressive politics. His main goal is a struggling with a corruption.

Having come to power Kibaki started immediately to restore and reform country’s economy, laying stress on renew of its infrastructure. His first task was to raise agriculture, than to privatize inefficient factories, develop a private sector and tourism. The center of capital Nairobi has a European look. It’s surrounded by streets with Indian and Pakistan shops. Lots of posh hotels were built for tourists. There lots of Europeans, who live in the capital. They are high-ranking officials, university lecturers, doctors, engineers.

Some western analyst warn Kibaki that he can be not enough money for his grandiose plans, but the president is sure that he has calculated everything right and he is confident about his policy.

Membership

House of Reps, for Nairobi Doonholm since 1963.

Personality

With a good mind and calm approach he has earned popularity by his simplicity of style and practical common sense and thoroughly modern approach to today's problems. An economist by training and disposition he has proved himself an astute Finance Minister both in Kenya’s days of economic prosperity and rising reserves and in the more straitened circumstances which followed.