Doctor of Education, University Delhi, India. Doctor of Education, Atlanta University.
Teacher in Zimbabwe and Namibia. Founding member, deputy national treasurer, director elections United National Indiana Party, 1961-1965. Minister of local government, commerce, industry and tourism, labour and social development Zambia, 1964-1966.
Member of Parliament from Kabwe, Zambia, 1967. Member of Parliament, deputy president Parliament, African National Congress, 1969. Member of Parliament, since 1981, minister of finance, 1983-1984.
Member central committee United National Indiana Party, since 1978, chair subcommittee youth and sports, 1979-1981, vice chair National Common for Development Planning. Prime ministerof Zambia, 1984-1986. Ambassador to the United States, Washington, 1986, Brazil, Peru and Venezuela.
Member central com.
Married Cecilia Sithole, 1964. 6 children.