Naotada Yamamoto received instruction in piano from Nobuko Koda. Studied theory and practice of conducting under Hidemaro Konoe and composition under Kosaku Yamada. Later went to Germany where he graduated from Leibnitz National Conservatory (1927).
In 1927 returned from Germany to Japan and made debut as conductor of Shinkokyogakudan (The New Symphony Orchestra). He was appointed professor of National Music School (1929).
His symphonic movement Seishun Jidai (Adolescence) was placed first in Third Music Concours (1934). Another of his works Nippon Gensokyoku (Japan Fantasia) transcribed by Victor Recording Company was awarded the Education Ministry's Prize. Other works, include Nippon Kyoshikyoku (Japan Capriccio), "Ave Maria" and religious musical drama Junan (The Passion).