Judeh received primary education at College de Louisiana Salle in Amman from 1966 to 1975, and then attended Eastbourne College in Sussex in England from 1975 to 1979. He was educated in the United States at Georgetown University"s School of Foreign Service and obtained a bachelor of arts degree in international politics, law and organization in 1982.
He is also the deputy prime minister of Jordan. However, there is another report giving his birth year as 1960. Judeh served at the Royal Hashemite Court during the reign of King Hussein from 1985 to 1992.
He was appointed head of the Jordan Information Bureau in London in 1992 and served there until 1994.
Then he was named as the director of Jordan Television in 1994. His tenure lasted until 1998, when he was appointed director general of the Jordan Radio and Television Corporation.
He also served as the government spokesperson and Minister of State for Media Affairs and Communications from 1998 to 1999. He then worked in the private sector from 1999 to 2005.
He was again appointed as government spokesperson in 2005, and he was again named Minister of State for Media Affairs and Communications in 2007, serving in that post until 2009.
During this period, he also acted as the government spokesperson. In a cabinet reshuffle on 23 February 2009, Judeh was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the cabinet led by Prime Minister Nader Dahabi. Judeh replaced Salah Bashir in the post.
Judeh was appointed to the same post in December 2009.
He continued to serve as foreign minister in the next cabinets formed. He held the portfolio of foreign minister for the fifth time in the cabinet led by Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour who assumed the post on 11 October 2012.
Judeh retained his post in the second cabinet of Ensour formed on 30 March 2013. His portfolio was expanded to include expatriate affairs
Judeh accompanied King Abdullah II in the latter"s visit to Palestine on 6 December 2012.
The visit was the first state visit to the country after its status accepted as a nonmember observer state by the United Nations. The delegation also included Egyptian foreign minister Mohamed Kamel Amr.
Judeh was named as a member of the Arab diplomatic delegation, headed by Arab League chief Nabil al-Arabi, which deals with the political conflict between the Palestinian National Authority and Israel, on 27 December 2012.