Bachelor of Science in Management Science, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1971. Master of Science in Operations Research, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1972. Master of Arts in Economics, Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, University Notre Dame, 1980.
Sales representative Masonite Corporation, Elnora, New York, 1972-1974. Assistant vice president Miles Laboratories, Elkhart, Indiana, 1974-1976. Joined Foreign Service Department State, 1976.
Economics officer American Embassy, Bucharest, Romania, 1977-1979. Foreign relations officer Department State, Washington, 1979-1983. Deputy principal officer American Consulate General, Leningrad, Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, 1983-1985.
Director monetary affairs Department State, Washington, 1985-1987. Resigned, 1987; president Global Trade and Investment, Inc., Fairfax, Virginia, since 1987. Board directors International Coach Federation Chemconsult, Budapest, Hungary.
Director school board Leningrad. American School American Consulate General, 1983-1985. Member American Economics Association, Association for Comparative Economics Studies, American Association for Advancement of Slavic Studies.
Married Diane Kay Spencer, July 17, 1976. Children: Alexandra, Michael.