Since 1908 Golovin was professor of tactics at General Staff Academy. At the beginning of the First World War Golovin commanded Grodno Hussar regiment. In autumn 1919 he travelled from Paris through Vladivostok to Siberia to join admiral Kolchak"s anti-bolshevik "white" forces.
But when he arrived at Omsk, Kolchak"s army was already retreating in disarray.
Golovin decided that the situation was hopeless and did not take command, returning to Vladivostok and Europe. While living as an emigre in Paris he authored numerous books and articles on military theory and military history.
He collected documents on Russian history for the Hoover library. Golovin"s personal collection of documents was also deposited in Hoover Institution archive.