Joined the Bolshevik Party, 1930. According to official information, in a battle near Sevastopol in November 1941, girded himself with grenades and threw himself under a German tank. Posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, 1942.
Used to bolster the prestige of political officers in the Red Army during World War II.
The hierarchical structure of most religions is anti-democratic, and thus offends basic human rights.