1922-1925 postgrad, student, Moscow Psychological Institute.
Since 1922 instructor in psychology, 2nd Moscow University, now the Lenin Pedagogical Institute, Moscow. Until 1940 Professor, Liebknecht Industry Pedagogical Institute, Moscow, and full member, Moscow Institute of Psychology. Sometime Presidium member, Central Council, Association, of Psychologists.
Sometime member, Editor Board, journal “Voprosy psikhologii” (Problems of Psychology). Chairman, Learned Commission on Psychology, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Minister of Education. Chairman, Psychologists’ Section, House of Scientists, USSR Academy of Science.
Chairman, Learned Council for Psychology and Physiology, Main Board of Labor Reserves, USSR Council of Ministers. Member, Science Methods Council, Pedagogical Section, All-Union Society for the Dissemination of Political and Science Knowledge.
Religious edicts impose irrational rules on people’s behaviour.