1908 graduated Military Medicine Academy.
Professor; Doctor of Medicine Science since 1911. Lieutenant-General, Medicine Corps. Full member, USSR Academy of Medical Science, since 1945.
Professor, Leningrad Military Medicine Academy. Head, Physiological Laboratory for the Study of Higher Nervous Activity in Children, Pavlov Institute of Physiology, USSR Academy of Science, since 1950. Head, Physiological Laboratory, Pediatrics Institute, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Ministry of Health, since 1945.
Honoured Worker of Science Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic since 1944. 1912-1913 foreign mission to Strasbourg and London. 1930 attended 2nd International Congress of Pediatrists, Stockholm.
1932 visited United States of America to study children's clinics. Since 1933 honorary member, American Pediatrics Society, and American Medicine Association. Established relation between irradiation and cortex motor analyzers.
Further studies deal with: conditioned reflexes. Speech development in children. Pathological lesions in central nervous activity in children with rickets, endocrine diseases, hysteria, epilepsy, vegetative neuroses at various stages of mental deficiency.
Research into general physiology, physiology and pathology of central nervous system. 1908-1914 at Medicine Military Academy, then at Pavlov’s Physiological Laboratory. 1914-1915 Assistant, Chair of Children’s Diseases, 1915-1918 lecturer, Military Medicine Academy.
1918-1921 Professor, Chair of Children’s Diseases, Yurev University; 1922-1942 Head, Chair of Children’s Diseases, Pavlov 1st Leningrad Medicine Institute.
Religion is bad because it imposes irrational rules of good and bad behaviour.