Doctor of Medicine, 1st Leningrad Medical Institute, Saint-Petersburg, 1973. Doctor of Philosophy, Institute Experimental Medicine Russian Academy of Sciences, 1980. Doctor of Science, Institute Military Medicine, 1998.
Head laboratory zoonoses Saint-Petersburg Pasteur Institute, Russia, since 1993. Professor microbiology Mechnikov Medical Academy, since 2006. Professor epidemiology Medical Academy Post-Diploma Education, since 2008.