Degree in Law, Tbilisi State University, Georgia, 1986. Doctor of Philosophy, Moscow State University, 1990.
Professor international relations and international law Tbilisi State University, since 1991. Chairwoman Parliament of Georgia, since 2001. Interim president government of Georgia, 2003—2004.
Expert consultant Ministry Environmental Protection, Government Georgia, Georgia, 1991—1992. Expert consultant Commission on Foreign Relations Parliament of Georgia, 1992—1995, deputy chair committee on constitutional, legal affairs and rule of law, 1995—1998, chair, 1998—1999, chair committee on foreign relations, 2000—2001. Member Georgian delegate Parliamentary Assembly Organization Security and Cooperation in Europe, since 1997, rapporteur of general committee on democracy, human rights and humanitarian issues, 1998—2000, vice president, since 2000.
Chair Permanent Parliamentary Delaware to United Kingdom, 1995—1998. Co-chair European Union-Georgian Parliamentary Cooperation Committee, 1999—2000. President Parliamentary Assembly of Black Sea Economic Cooperation, 2001—2003.