Octavio's family had Spanish and indigenous Mexican roots.
Octavio Paz was born on March 31, 1914 in Mixcoac, now part of Mexico City. His mother's family had emigrated from Spain and his father's ancestors traced their heritage to early Mexican settlers and indigenous peoples. Paz's paternal grandfather was a journalist and political activist, and his father was an attorney who joined Emiliano Zapata's farmer-backed revolution in the early 1900s. During the Mexican Civil War, a conflict led by Fransisco I against the dictator Poririo Diaz, Paz's family lost their home and relocated to a nearby suburb of Mexico City, where they lived under financially unstable conditions.