Bachelor of Fine Arts, Illinois Wesleyan University, 1958. Master of Fine Arts, University Iowa, 1963.
Instructor art St. Louis Community College, St. Louis, 1964-1967. Assistant professor art Washington University, 1967-1969. Curriculum specialist, lecturer Southern Illinois University, East St. Louis, 1967-1969.
Assistant professor Afro-American studies Oberlin College, Ohio, 1969-1970. Professor art California State University, Sacramento, 1971—2002. Visiting artist School of Art Institute, Chicago, 1979, Southeast Center Contemporary Art, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 1980, University Washington, Seattle, 1985, University California, Santa Barbara, 1985, University Illinois, Champaign, 1988, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2000.
Served United States Army, 1961.