Telecomm. Engineer, Higher National School Telecomm., Paris, 1969; Postdoctoral Degree, Cames/Economics, Ouaga Dougou/BF.
Engineer, Ministry Telecomm., Antananarivo, 1969-1982; adviser to minister in charge finance, Ministry of Finance, Antananarivo, 1982-1990; professor economics, U. Antananarivo, since 1990. Consultant World Bank, Washington, 1990, African Development Bank, Abidjan, Ivory Coast, 1990.
Member Malagasy Academy, Antananarivo, 1990.
Married Annie Ranaivoson, April 8, 1950. Children: Tovohery, Johary.