Bachelor in History, Hampden-Sydney College, 1989. Juris Doctor, Washington & Lee University, 1996.
Attorney Krumbein and Associates, 1998—1999. Assistant attorney general Commonwealth of Virginia, 1999—2004. Partner labor and employment law LeClair Ryan, Richmond, Virginia, 2004.
Deputy chief Employment Litig. Section Civil Rights Division, United States Department Justice, Washington. Acting director Community Relations Service, United States Department Justice, 2007—2008, director, since 2008.