Doctor of Philosophy, University Havana, Cuba, 1955. Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1968. Doctor of Philosophy, New York University, 1979.
Professor University Masónica, Havana, 1957-1959. Consul Cuban Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Caracas, Venezuela, 1960-1961. Professor Spanish New Jersey City University, Jersey City, 1968-1996, Spanish advisor, 1978-1996, professor emeritus, from 1998.
Member Modern Language Association, Circulo de Cultura (member advisory board 1992-1993), Centro Cultural Cubano, Instituto Literario Hispánico, Instituto Cervantes, National Association Cuban Educators.