Otani Shobe was a promoter of Fujiko, a group which practiced religious austerities. He was active in the Bunsei and Tempo eras.
Otani Shobe was born in 1767 in Musashino, Tokyo, Japan. Otani was the eighth-generation descendant of Kakuko Hasegawa, the founder of Fujiko.
Believers of Fujiko rose early in the morning to work hard in gratitude for their ancestors and for the benefit of posterity. In Shobe's time, the believers totaled about 50,000. He often went to Kyoto and was once given a purple robe from ex-Emperor Kokaku.