Bachelor in Economics, University Toronto, Ontario, 1960. Master of Arts in Economics, University Chicago, 1961. Doctor of Philosophy, Oxford (England) University, 1964.
Senior lecturer Department Economics, University Würzburg.I., Kingston, 1965-1976. Director economics division Caribbean Development Bank, Bridgetown, Barbados, 1974-1976. Deputy governor Bank of Jamaica, Kingston, 1978-1985, senior deputy governor, since 1985.
Economics advisor Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, Antigua, 1987-1988. Board director Bank of Jamaica. Chairman National Export-Import Bank, Kingston, 1989.
Member Prime Ministers Economic Advisory Council, Kingston, 1989. Member Kingston Cricket Club, Liguanea Club, Masons.
Married Albertina Agatha Oxley, October 3, 1964. Children: Brian, Douglas.