From 1980 to 1984 Palani studied at Govt. High School in Karimangalam, India. In this year he became a student of the Rajagopal Polytechnic College in Tamil Nadu, India at the faculty of Civil Engineering. From 1987 to 1991 he studied at PSNA College of Engineering and Technology in Tamil Nadu, India. In 1991 Palani became a Bachelor of Engineering in Civil Engineering. From 1991 to 1993 he was a student of the Government College of Engineering. He received a degree of the Master in the sphere of Civil Engineering.
Palani worked as a junior research fellow in Structural Engineering Research Center in India from April 1993 to September 1994. In this year he became a Senior Project Officer in Indian Institute of Technology in Madras, India. From November 1995 to June 1998 he worked as a Senior engineer, Jha Partnership in Consulting Civil, Structural Engineers in Singapore. In June 1998 Palani became an Engineering manager in Central saint martins engineers sea pte limited in Singapore. In July 2007 he became a Principal engineer in Simon Carves Singapore (Pte) Ltd in Singapore. He held this position till February 2009. In April 2011 he worked as a Lead civil and structural engineer in Singapore. In May 2012 Palani became a Technical director in Balanced Engineering and Construction in Singapore.
Palani married to Sundarambal Palani on December 4, 1997. He has a child: Navinkumar Palani.