Bachelor of Medicine, University Liverpool, 1970. Diploma, Massey University, 1993.
Specialist psychiatrist Waitemata District Health Board, North Shore City, New Zealand, since 1989. Consultant anaesthetist Auckland (New Zealand) Hospital, 1978—1984, clinical director Pain Clinical, 1979—1983. Senior lecturer University Auckland, New Zealand, since 1995.
Member of International Psychogeriatric Association (board directors since 1982), Royal Australian and New Zealand College Psychiatrists (general councillor 2000-2004, past chairman faculty psychiatry of old age 2000-2004, treasurer New Zealand Branch 1991-1995), Royal College Surgeons, Faculty of Psychiatry of Old Age (immediate past chair 2000-2004).