Student, Williams College, 1938-1941; Bachelor of Arts, Brown U., 1942; postgraduate, U. Oklahoma, 1944-1945; Master of Arts, Harvard, 1947; Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard, 1952.
Instructor, Middlebury (Vermont) College, 1947-1965; professor, Middlebury (Vermont) College, 1965-1990; professor emeritus, Middlebury (Vermont) College, 1990.
Served with United States Naval Reserve, 1942-1946. Member Phi Beta Kappa.
Children— Margaret, Anne, Elizabeth.