University of Toronto (Bachelor of Arts, 1962). Osgoode Hall (Bachelor of Laws, 1965). Appointed Queen's Counsel, 1983.
Worked at Smith Lyons (Toronto, Ontario) specializing in Banking and Financial Institution Lending, Corporate and Commercial, Natural Resources and Energy, Real Estate and Development, Securities. Admitted to the bar, 1967, Ontario.
Canadian Bar Association. The Canadian Tax Foundation. International Bar Association.
International Council of Shopping Centers (Associate Member).