Graduate, University Geneva, 1948. Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy (Woodbridge honorary fellow), Columbia University, 1965.
Foreign editorial assistant, McGraw Hill Book Company. New York City, 1951-1954; translator-interpreter, Guaranty Trust, New York City, 1954-1956; foreign language teacher, Montclair (New Jersey) Academy, 1957-1963; assistant, associate then full professor, department chairman foreign languages, Montclair State College, Upper Montclair, New Jersey, 1964-1969; associate professor Romance philology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1969-1972; head department Romance language and literature, U. Cincinnati, 1972-1976; head department French,, University of Illinois, Urbana, 1976-1988; associate Center for Advanced Studies, University of Illinois, Urbana, spring 1983; head department French, University of Illinois, Urbana, 1988-1995; professor emeritus French and linguistics, University of Illinois, Urbana, since 1995. Visiting lecturer Hofstra College, Hempstead, New York, 1963, Queens College, New York City, 1966, Columbia University, 1967-1969.
Married Joan Elisabeth Gallagher, April 6, 1967.