Bachelor, Jamaica College. Master of Science in Government, University West Indies. Doctor of Philosophy, University Michigan.
Teacher Oberlin High School, 1965, 68. Lecturer Department Government, University West Indies, 1968-1969, 73-74. Research associate Institute Urban Affairs of Political Sciences, Howard University.
Assistant professor Department Government. Chairman JAMAL Foundation, 1978. Special assistant Prime Minister Manley, 1978, 80.
Deputy general secretary administration People's National Party, 1978-1980. Assistant Mr. Manley, 1981-1982. General secretary People's National Party, 1983-1991.
Special assistant Minister Justice. Senator Jamaican Senate, deputy leader of the government business. Minister Department Information and Culture, Government Jamaica, 1989-1991.
Now minister Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, Government Jamaica, 1993-1995. Minister industry, investments & commerce, since 1995. Now minister industry & investment.