Bachelor, University Iowa, 1948. Master of Fine Arts, University Iowa, 1951. Doctor of Philosophy, University Texas, 1962.
Instructor, Iowa State University, Ames, 1951-1953; instructor, University Texas, Austin, 1955-1958; instructor, U. Idaho, Moscow, 1958-1960; instructor, U. North Dakota, Grand Forks, 1960-1962; from assistant professor to associate professor, U. Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 1962-1967; from associate professor to professor, Kansas State University, Manhattan, 1967-1991; professor emeritus, Kansas State University, Manhattan, since 1991.
Second lieutenant Signal corpus, United States army, 1942-1945, PTO. Member American Association of University Professors, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Modern Language Association, Melville Society.
Married Phyllis Elaine Niemann, August 29, 1948. Children: Patricia, Susan, James, Thomas, Marybeth.