University of Toronto (Bachelor of Arts, 1975). Osgoode Hall (Bachelor of Laws, 1978).
Worked at Smith Lyons (Toronto, ON) specializing in Banking and Financial Institution Lending, Corporate and Commercial, Financial Services Regulation, Marketing, Advertising and Franchising, Mergers and Acquisitions, Securities. Admitted to the bar, 1980, Ontario. Admitted as a Solicitor, 1988, England and Wales.
Canadian Bar Association. Canadian Tax Foundation. International Bar Association.