Bachelor of Science (honorary), University London, 1989. Doctor of Philosophy, University Leeds, England, 1994.
Biotechnologist Diagnostic Biotechnology, Pte. Ltd., Singapore, 1989—1990. Teaching assistant department biochemistry and molecular biology University Leeds, 1990—1993.
Postdoctoral research fellow department experimental oncology St. Jude Childrens' Research Hospital, Memphis, 1994—1996. Postdoctoral research fellow anatomical and cellular pathology Chinese University Hong Kong, 1996—1998. Senior research associate department neurogenetics Harvard Medical School, Boston, 1998—1999.
Senior scientist department cellular and molecular research National Cancer Centre, Singapore, since 1999. Adjunct assistan professor department physiology National University Singapore, since 2001. Speaker in field; grant reviewer.
Vol. fundraiser various cancer societies, Singapore. Member of American Association Cancer Research (correspondent), American Society Gene Therapy (associate).