Doctor of Medicine, University Oulu, 1966. Doctor of Philosophy, University Oulu, 1977.
Lecture anesthesia University Oulu, Finland, 1972-1974. Research assistant Medical Research Council Academy Finland, Oulu, 1974-1977. From specialist anesthesiologist to chief pediatrics anesthesia Children's Hospital/University Central Hospital, since 1977.
Professor anesthesiology University Oulu, 1992-1994.
Member Association Pediatric Anesthesiologists Gr. Britain & Ireland, Finnish Society Anesthesiologists (vice chairman 1986-1988).
Married Elsi Kaarina Kalaja, June 24, 1961. Children: Jorma, Tapio.