Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Science, Madras, 1967. Doctor of Divinity, Madras, 1976. Doctor of Medicine, Madras, 1977.
Senior house surgeon Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Pondichery, India, 1968-1969, registrar in skin and VD India, 1969-1973, junior medical officer preventive and social medicine India, 1973-1974, resident in dermatology India, 1974-1977. Specialist Schieffelin Leprosy Research and Training Clinic, Karigiri, India, since 1977, head branch of medicine India, 1983. Member Indiana Expert Panel Committee Leprosy Vaccine Trial, 1993-1998.
Member medical reference panel The Leprosy Mission Interant., 2000. Lecturer in field; conductor workshops in field.
Member International Leprosy Association (counsel member 1991-1992, science committee biennial conference XVIII 1993).