Born in Pavia in the north of Italy, Pajk"s parents were Slovenes. She published her first collection of poems, Prva Ljibezen (First Love) in 1873. When she was 22, she fell in love with Janko Pajk, a Slovenian professor and editors
She wrote for Slovenian papers while living in Austria.
While her poetry was acclaimed by the critics, her prose works, which included six novels, were said to be less successful. In 1876, she also wrote an extensive obituary of George Sand, and went on to write other shorter obituaries.
Pajk was also the first Slovene author to support the case for women with an article in 1884, striving for the elementary schooling of women of all social classes.