Log In

Pedro Aguire Cerda Edit Profile

lawyer , politician , President , public official , teacher

Pedro Aguire Cerda was the 24th President of Chile sinse 1938 to 1941.


Pedro Agguire Cerda was born on 6 February 1878 in Chile. He was a man of a humble origin.


He attended the Instituto Pedagógico and qualified as a teacher and lawyer.


A Radical Party member, he was first elected deputy in 1915 and senator in 1921. He was minister of education in 1918.

Aguirre Cerda was President Arturo Alessandri Palma's first interior minister. Under the Carlos Ibáñez del Campo dictatorship, he studied abroad and managed a rural estate, and belonged to the Radical faction opposed to the dictatorship.

During the 1930s, Aguirre Cerda opposed Radical participation in the Popular Front, but in 1938 he was the Front’s successful presidential candidate.

Aguirre Cerda died in office of natural causes.


  • Being a Minister of Education he established compulsory primary education. And later as a president, he was responsible for establishing the Chilean Development Corporation, stimulating general unionization of urban workers, and considerably expanding public education.